Reethigowla - an uplifting and intoxicating melody. Reethigowla is a janya of 22nd Melakarta raga Kharaharapriya, comprising of Shadja, Chatishruthi Rishabha, Sadharana Gandhara, Shuddha Madhyama, Shuddha Dhaivata and Kaishiki Nishadha.
The aarohana and avarohana are vakra in nature, meaning that the order of swaras is not in sequence, and appear as below
S G2 R2 M1 N1 D2 M1 N2 N2 S
S N2 D2 M1 G2 M1 P M1 G2 R2 S
When listening to Reetigowla, one can instantly recognize the prominence of the phrase "N2 N2 S", and its counterpart - "G2 G2 M", and this is truly a hallmark of the raga. Other phrases that play around in the vicinity of "N D M", "N D M D N- D M" are delicate, often being elaborated upon during aalpane. One of my favorite "plays" to the raga aalpane is to not touch the Panchama and keep fiddling with G, M, D and N, and then introduce the next prominent phrase of "G M P M G R S". Reethigowla can be a complex raga and at the same time induces a sweet melody and is quite popular among movie music composers as well. One song that is popping into my head right now is Kangal Irandhal (from the movie Subramaniapuram), and its Kannada version - Kalli Ivalu (from the movie Prem Adda).
The credit for popularizing Reethigowla goes to Shri Thyagaraja, with exquisite compositions like Nannu Vidachi, sung superbly by the sister duo - Ranjani-Gayatri. The words "Kodanda Rama, Pattabhi Rama, Ramayya Rama" are sure to bring devotion to any listener's heart!